Archive for 1914

100 Years Since October 2, 1914–Is It Significant?

On October 2, 1914–a hundred years ago today–Charles T. Russell announced, “The Gentile times have ended; their kings have had their day.” For almost 40 years, among other predictions for that year, 1914 had been looked to as the end of Armageddon, ‘false’ religion, and all governments, and the beginning of paradise on earth and the resurrection. Nothing predicted for 1914 ever came to pass.

On that October 2 morning, Russell said, “Anyone disappointed? I’m not. Everything is moving right on schedule!” Now a hundred years have passed. Confident predictions were made, among other things, about the year 1925, about 1975, about the generation living in 1914 never dying off before the end. A hundred years and still no Armageddon . Sadly, not one prediction made has ever materialized.  

Deuteronomy 18:22 says, “When the prophet speaks in the name of Jehovah and the word is not fulfilled or does not come true, then Jehovah did not speak that word. The prophet spoke it presumptuously. You should not fear him.”

Were the Watchtower’s predictions “food at the proper time” made by God’s channel of communication? Or were they spoken “presumptuously”? Deuteronomy 18:22 is very frank advice that might make us uneasy. The question is: will we heed it?

If you are one of Jehovah’s Witnesses who has been wondering about these matters, there is no time like the present to begin a period of deep research. 1 Thessalonians 5:21 says, “Make sure of all things.” There is nothing to fear in such a search. The more a matter is examined, the more truth holds up to scrutiny, the more a lie crumbles.

But where would you begin?

Perhaps by exploring whether 1914 marked the beginning of the Last Days:

For further on this see:

Or by examining what Jesus meant by “this generation will by no means pass away”:

Or dig a little deeper to explore whether 607 BC was the date of Jerusalem’s destruction, a date that is integral to the Gentile Times equation:

For further on this see:

This website and videos should not be the endpoint in your research, but the beginning. Scrutinize everything…including the articles and videos on this website.

Did the Last Days begin in 1914?

Why don’t we let the Bible speak for itself as to when the Last Days began?

Acts 2:16,17 says: But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel: ‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams.”

This is from the Apostle Peter’s speech at Pentecost 33 CE. He clearly indicates that the miraculous gifts poured out at that time was a sign that the Last Days had begun.

Hebrews 1:1,2 says: “Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.”

Again, the thought is that the Last Days was not future to this writing, but a phase of history already begun with the arrival of Christ, God’s ultimate and final Spokesman.

Please read Psalm 2. Did this Psalm begin its fulfillment in 1914?

Acts 4:25-27 says: who through the mouth of our father David, your servant, said by the Holy Spirit, “‘Why did the Gentiles rage, and the peoples plot in vain? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers were gathered together, against the Lord and against his Anointed’— for truly in this city there were gathered together against your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel.

The fulfillment of Psalm 2 revolves around the death and resurrection of Christ, not the installing of Jesus as King invisibly in the year 1914. The Bible is clear that Christ was installed as King in the first century.

At Matthew 28:18: Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.”

At Ephesians 1:20,21: “. . . he raised Christ from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly realms,  far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is invoked, not only in the present age but also in the one to come.”

If Christ received ALL authority, far above every rulership and kingdom, upon his Resurrection, what more could he receive in 1914?

Some denominations, in particular, those that have descended from the Adventist movement, begin to talk about double, even triple, fulfillments. For instance, they believe there are two Last Days, one in the first century, and another undergoing fulfillment now. However, can you prove that from the Bible? Is that meaning a product of exegesis, drawing it out of the text? Or is that eisegesis, reading into Scripture an interpretation that cannot be found in the text itself?

Did Seven “Gentile Times” End in 1914?

Did Jesus become King in 1914? Can we calculate this date from Daniel 4? Are the “Seven Times” the same as the “times of the Gentiles” in Luke 21:24? What is the framework for the teaching of the “Seven Gentile Times”?

The teaching of “Seven Gentile Times” ending in 1914 is contingent on many factors. If one of these factors is not firm, the whole structure collapses. The Gentile Times equation, adding “Seven Times” to the year of the destruction of Jerusalem, is 607 BC + 2520 = 1914. Was Jerusalem destroyed in 607 BC? Did Jesus become King in 1914?  Is it true that after Jerusalem was destroyed, the Gentiles dominated over that city for an uninterrupted 2520 years? What exactly is the “Gentile Times” of Luke 21:24?

Where did the idea of the Seven Gentile Times come from? How did the date of 1914 come to be predicted? Tracing the idea to the source and watching the cycle of repeated history can be very enlightening. Those who do not know history are bound to repeat it, but a bit of wisdom found in the Bible might help us personally to break this reoccurring cycle.

Did a Composite Sign appear in 1914?

Has crime and lawlessness gotten worse since 1914? Does it fulfill a prophecy Jesus gave at Matthew 24:12 that indicates a feature of a composite sign of his “presence”? Isn’t the daily litany of crimes reported by the newspaper and newscasts evidence of this? Are morals on the decline? If so, does that mean our period is profoundly different in this than previous generations?

Finally—-did a Composite Sign of wars, earthquakes, food shortages, pestilences, and lawlessness begin to appear in 1914? When do the Last Days begin? Can we use the features of Matthew 24 to determine where they are in the stream of time? What warning did Jesus give and in this regard and what is the danger for us?


A Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On?

Luke 21:11 says, “There will be great earthquakes.”

In regard this verse, the book Reasoning From the Scriptures makes this claim: Has there actually been a significant number of major earthquakes since 1914? With data obtained from the National Geophysical Data Center in Boulder, Colorado, supplemented by a number of standard reference works, a tabulation was made in 1984 that included only earthquakes that measured 7.5 or more on the Richter scale, or that resulted in destruction of five million dollars (U.S.) or more in property, or that caused 100 or more deaths. It was calculated that there had been 856 of such earthquakes during the 2,000 years before 1914. The same tabulation showed that in just 69 years following 1914 there were 605 of such quakes. That means that, in comparison with the previous 2,000 years, the average per year has been 20 times as great since 1914.”

However, in recent year, there has been a significant backpedaling of this view. Perhaps it is because the evidence is all too clear that while the frequency of seismic events go through cycles of increase and decrease, overall, it is essentially unchanged over the centuries. The year 1914 does not seem to mark a significant turning point for seismic activity.

In this regard, the May 1, 2011, Watchtower says: “The Bible does not emphasize the number of earthquakes during the last days . . . Earthquakes alone may not seem to be conclusive evidence that we are living in the last days.”

The latest “light” on Earthquakes is the October 2012, Awake: “Because more people live in earthquake-prone areas, the number of lives lost or disrupted as a result of earthquakes has sharply increased.”

I believe a fair question to ask in regard this: why are more people living in earthquake-prone areas than in times past? It turns out it is because the world population has mushroomed because life expectancy has increased. This leads to the question: why has life expectancy skyrocketed? It is mostly because famines and pestilences are no longer the scourge on humanity as they once were. More children live to adulthood than in times past and grow up to bear more children. Not all of these billions have the luxury of living in less earthquake-prone areas.

It is only logical that as the world population grows, earthquake fatalities would grow as well. It may be that we need to ask: has the proportion of earthquake fatalities to the world population increased since 1914?

Rather than take anybody’s word for it, why not do your own research? A great resource for this is the National Geophysical Data Center’s Significant Earthquake Database.

Since 1914, has Famine and Pestilence been on the rise?

At Matthew 24:7, Jesus said, “And there will be food shortages.” Luke 21:11 adds “pestilences in various places.”

Some say that in 1914 a “composite sign” of the Last Days began to appear, and among the features of this sign is an increase in famine and pestilence. However, what do the facts show? Has famine and pestilence increased since 1914? The video above reviews famine in Europe, China, and India before and after 1914, and examines what food experts and historians have to say on the matter.

What about pestilence? Has pestilence tightened its grip on humanity despite advances in medicine? Was the Spanish Flu the greatest pestilence the world has ever known? In the video below, we look through history to see if pestilence before 1914 was any different in terms of frequency and loss of life.

After viewing these videos, ask yourself: of all the periods of human history, which period would I most want to be born into?

The War That Changed The World?

At Matthew 24:7, Jesus said, “for nation will rise against nation and kingdom against kingdom.” Some believe this is a feature of a “composite sign” that started in the year 1914. While we have always had wars, it is argued, since 1914, the world has seen an alarming increase of war. In the above video, we will examine the framework of this argument and what is said about this “feature”.

In particular, World War I is seen a significant jumpstart to the Last Days, a turning point that interrupted a time of peace and optimism. What is the significance of World War I in the context of history? What is a world war exactly? What is a total war? Was World War I greater than previous wars? And what about other wars since then? Has the 20th century up until now been the most bloody, the most warlike in humanity’s history? Are wars “worse than ever”? Do conditions “continue to deteriorate”?

The following video endeavors to answer these questions:

Did Jesus become King in 1914?

The answer to this one question is far simpler than calculating the Gentile Times, proving or disproving 607 BC, or championing or debunking any “composite sign”.

It comes down to one verse: Matthew 28:18

Even those writing the Watchtower publications have stumbled upon the cusp of this answer, even though they didn’t understand the full significance of what they were saying. If you don’t believe me, open your Insight Book to the subject of Jesus Christ, and look for the subheading The full significance of his “name.”

Note the following:

Following his resurrection, Jesus informed his disciples, “All authority has been given me in heaven and on the earth,” thereby showing that he heads a government of universal domain. (Mt 28:18) The apostle Paul made clear that Jesus’ Father has “left nothing that is not subject to him [Jesus],” with the evident exception of “the one who subjected all things to him,” that is, Jehovah, the Sovereign God. (1Co 15:27; Heb 1:1-14; 2:8)

If you are a Jehovah’s Witness, let me ask you this question: If Jesus received all authority in heaven and on earth upon his resurrection, what more authority could he have received in 1914? Did that not make him King at that time?

The Overlapping Generation and Matthew 24:34

When I was growing up, the Generation teaching was a big deal. For many years, the Awake posted this in every issue: “This magazine builds confidence in the Creator’s promise of a peaceful and secure new world before the generation that saw the events of 1914 passes away.”

GenerationThe fact that the generation that saw 1914 was getting older and older in years was used as a yardstick as to the closeness of the end.

In 1984, the cover of the Watchtower boldly proclaimed that the generation who saw 1914 would not pass away, illustrating the point with a display of elderly adherents who were part of that generation. Sad to say, every one of these folks on this cover has since passed away.

I remember a conversation that occurred in my home, a pioneer who was living with my family in the early 90’s voiced her concern saying, “What if the Society decides they’re wrong about of the Generation?” In my youthful naivety, I blurted out, “Oh, that will never happen!”

Then, in 1995, the unthinkable happened: The Generation teaching changed. The generation was then defined as the wicked characteristics of humanity since 1914.

In 2008, the teaching changed again. The generation meant the ‘anointed’ and that there would still be ‘anointed ones’ on Earth when the Great Tribulation began.

In 2010, for the third time in 15 years, this teaching changed again to something even more puzzling: the Overlapping Generation. The January 15th, 2014 Watchtower ‘clarified’ this teaching further by saying:

We understand that in mentioning “this generation,” Jesus was referring to two groups of anointed Christians. The first group was on hand in 1914, and they readily discerned the sign of Christ’s presence in that year…The second group included in “this generation” are anointed contemporaries of the first group. They were not simply alive during the lifetime of those in the first group, but they were anointed with holy spirit during the time that those of the first group were still on earth.

However, is this what Jesus was saying at Matthew 24:34? Or was he saying something much simpler? How would we be able to weigh the veracity of the overlapping interpretation? Hopefully the short video above will help.

607 BC–the year Jerusalem was destroyed?


607 BC, as the year of Jerusalem’s destruction, is integral to any discussion of 1914 as a marked year in Bible prophesy. The Gentile Times equation is: 607 BC + 2520 Years = 1914. Without 607 BC, one of the key inputs to the calculation, we cannot derive 1914.

Although I firmly believed it, I never knew much about 607 BC or the 70 Years other than the calculation: 537 BC – 70 Years of Desolation = 607 BC. Therefore, when I would sometimes stumble upon a historian pointing to 587 or 586 BC as the year of Jerusalem’s destruction, I believed them to be mistaken. If it came down to a choice between listening to the Bible or historians, I chose to believe the Bible. But this proved to be a false choice. When it came to the historians, I assumed it was all merely glorified guesswork. There too I was wrong.

When I first started looking into the teaching in earnest, it seemed daunting. Where are the 70 Years mentioned in the Bible? What does the Bible actually say about the matter? It turned out, I knew much less than I thought I did about what the Bible actually says.

In this series, everything through Part 12 discusses the matter from a Biblical viewpoint. Parts 13 thru 20 look at the historical evidence. The rest are appendixes that cover Neo-Babylonian history and a detailed breakdown of the astronomical diary VAT 4956, which nails down Nebuchadnezzar’s 37th year to 568 BC, which makes his 18th year, the year Jerusalem was destroyed, 587 BC.

Here are a few questions this series addresses:

What are the basic components of the 607 BC argument?

Does the Bible state that the Jews returned in 537 BC?

When did the 70 years end?

When did the 70 years begin?

Is the 70 years synonymous with the Exile?

What were the 70 years all about?

Did Jerusalem have to be destroyed during the 70 years?

Was the Exile inevitable during the 70 years?

Was the 70 years ‘at Babylon’ or ‘for Babylon’?

Does Chronicles say that the land of Judah kept Sabbath 70 years?

Does Daniel say that Jerusalem was desolate 70 years?

Is there Biblical evidence pointing to 587/586 BC?

Is it a choice between the Bible and the historical evidence?

What is the historical evidence pointing to 587/586 BC?